1. Transportation has the essential attribute of production
Transportation production process is a process of production in which people with labor skills use labor tools (such as vehicles, ships, aircraft and other facilities) and labor objects (goods and passengers) to produce and create products. For passenger transport, the products transported are the spatial displacement of human beings; for cargo transport, they are the spatial displacement of cargo. Obviously, transportation is a production activity aiming at changing the spatial location of "people and things", which is different from the industrial and agricultural production which mainly changes the physical, chemical and biological attributes of the object of labor.
2. Transportation production is completed in the process of circulation
Transportation is the activity of transporting products from production to consumption. Therefore, in terms of the whole social production process, transportation is a continuous production process in the field of circulation and is completed in it.
3. Transportation products are invisible
Transport production does not change the physical and chemical properties and forms of labor objects as industrial and agricultural production does, but only changes the spatial position of labor objects, and does not create new physical products. Therefore, in order to meet the needs of social transport, excessive transport products or transport expenditures are a waste.
4. Transportation products belong to consumption while production
The production and consumption of industrial and agricultural products can be completely separated in time and space, while the production and consumption of transport products are inseparably combined in time and space, belonging to the consumption while production.
5. Non-Storage of Transport Products
Because the transportation product is invisible, does not have the material entity, but also because it produces while consumes the attribute. Therefore, transport products can neither be allocated nor stored.
6. Identity of Transport Products
For different modes of transport, although they use different means of transport, have different technical and economic characteristics, and carry out transportation and production activities on different routes, they have the same effect on society, that is, they have realized the spatial displacement of goods. The identity of transport products enables various modes of transport to complement, coordinate and replace each other to form an effective integrated transport system.
1. Transportation is one of the main functional elements of logistics
According to the concept of logistics, logistics is a physical movement of "things", which not only changes the temporal state of things, but also changes the spatial state of things. Transportation undertakes the main task of changing the spatial state. Transportation is the main means of changing the spatial state. Transportation combined with transportation, distribution and other activities can successfully complete all the tasks of changing the spatial state.
2. Transportation is one of the necessary conditions for social material production.
3. Transportation can create "place utility"
The meaning of place utility is that the same kind of "thing" has different degree of realization of its use value and benefits because of different space places. As a result of changing the place to maximize the use value and maximize the input-output ratio, it is called "place utility". By means of transportation, the potential of "material" can be brought into full play and the optimal allocation of resources can be realized if "material" is transported to the place with the highest utility. In this sense, it is also equivalent to improving the use value of goods through transportation.
4. Transportation is the main source of "the third profit source".