Transportation refers to the logistics activities that use specific equipment and tools to transport goods from one place to another. It is the spatial displacement of objects in different geographical areas for the purpose of changing the spatial location of objects. Through this kind of displacement, the space benefit of commodities can be created, their use value can be realized, and the different needs of society can be met. Transportation is one of the central links of logistics and the most important function of modern logistics activities.
Transport is a Chinese vocabulary, meaning yn sh_. It means to transport goods to another place by means of transportation. It is an activity to realize the change of space position of people and objects.
Logistics transportation refers to the transportation and transportation of "goods". It is an activity aimed at changing the spatial position of "thing" in different geographical areas (such as between two cities, two factories or two cars far apart in a large enterprise), and it is a spatial displacement of "thing".
Transportation is generally divided into transportation and distribution. There are many different opinions on the distinction between transportation and distribution. It can be said that the movement of all goods is transportation, while distribution refers to short-distance, small-batch transportation. Therefore, it can be said that transportation refers to the whole, while distribution refers to a part of it, and distribution focuses on one.''match''Character, its main meaning is also reflected in''match''On the word；and''give''For the ultimate realization of resource allocation''match''And service.
Transportation functional elements. Including the supply and sale of logistics vehicles, ships, aircraft and other modes of transport, production logistics pipelines, conveyor belts and other modes of transport.
Transport refers to the process of transferring people, money and things from one place to another. Transport is also considered as the foundation of the national economy.
The main means of transportation are bicycles, scooters, tricycles, motorcycles, cars, trains, planes, ships, spaceships, rockets, etc.
Transportation can be divided into passenger and freight transport
public transport according to the different service objects, which generally refers to the mode of transportation that all fees provide transportation services.
Car consignment: (Car transportation) refers to the mode of transportation that takes a car as a commodity after it leaves the factory and arrives at a designated place by means of large-scale vehicle transportation.</CN>
Composition of Transport Price
The basic price, the composition of the operating basic price and the incidental expenses of freight transportation
The annual freight rate of the zero-load cargo = freight per ton x billed weight< p > < p > freight rate per ton of vehicle goods = base price + operating base price * freight mileage < / P > < p > container freight per container = base price + operating base price * freight mileage
Freight transport has a value-preserving effect. That is to say, any product from production to final consumption must go through a period of time, a distance, in this period and a distance process, must go through transport, storage, packaging, handling, handling and other links, many times of cargo transport activities. In this process, products may be wet, waterlogged, rusted, damaged, lost, etc. The mission of cargo transportation is to prevent the above phenomena, ensure the quality and quantity of products in the process of moving from producers to consumers, and play a role in preserving the value of products, that is, to protect the existing value of products, so that the value of products will not change when they reach consumers.
Good transportation can save natural resources, human resources and energy, but also save costs. For example, container transportation can simplify commodity packaging, save a lot of paper and wood for packaging; realize mechanized loading and unloading operations, warehouse storage automation, can save a large number of operators, greatly reduce personnel costs. There are many examples of cost savings in cargo transportation. Go by the name of"The First Awakening of China's Freight Transport Management"Haier Enterprise Group has strengthened its transportation management and built a modern international automated freight transportation center. In one year, it has reduced the stock-holding funds and purchasing funds from 1.5 billion yuan to 700 million yuan, saving 800 million yuan in expenditure.
Freight transportation can overcome the time interval, distance interval and human interval, which is also the essence of freight transportation. Modern cargo transport is shortening
There are numerous examples of distance. Fresh fruits from all over the world can be purchased in Beijing, and fruits from all over the country are constantly growing all the year round. The postal department has improved the transportation of goods, greatly shortened the time distance of letters. The National Express service will go to the United States FedEx within two days, and can reach 15 cities in Asia the next day. The distribution center in Japan can do this, at 10 a.m. Order before the order and deliver on the same day. This kind of transportation speed brings people's geographical distance and time distance very close at once. With the continuous advancement of the modernization of freight transport, international transport capacity has been greatly strengthened, which has greatly promoted international trade, making people gradually feel that the earth has become smaller and the continents are closer.
Citizens in the city unconsciously enjoy the fruits of freight progress. Bananas produced in the South can be purchased in all major cities of the country all year round; Hami melon in Xinjiang, brandy melon in Ningxia, rice in Northeast China and rice in Tianjin Xiaozhan all supply the market seasonally; this is the reason why the international transportation industry is developed and international freight is reduced.